variety of formats are used for Japanese phone numbers. The
first two to four digits are the city code, with a leading
0nn-nnn-nnnn (Kyoto, Tsukuba)
Note that the leading zero is used only when dialing within
Japan. When dialing from outside Japan, the country code (81)
is dialed (after the code for an international call from your
location), but not the leading zero.
+81-3-9999-9999 (outside Japan)
011-81-3-9999-9999 (from USA)
001-81-3-9999-9999 (from UK)
All records in this database with phone numbers therefore
show the number as starting (0), but do not show the 81 country
Post, the Japanese postal service, accepts letters with English-language,
Western-format addresses. Based on this format, Bionanome's
format contains as many as seven lines, semi-colon delimited,
each of which may contain up to 40+ characters, including
Therefore, Bionanome recommends a 10-point font and the Avery
5162 (or compatible) label, which measures 1.33" (H) x 4"
(W). The metric equivalent is the Avery L7162, which measures,
in mm, 33.9 (H) x 99.1 (W).
Record Format (records with email and phone numbers):
name] [surname], [title]
[address 2 (if necessary)]
address, if avail]
[phone number, if avail]
Dept of Nanotechnology
Central 4, 1-1-1, Higashi
Tsukuba City, Ibaraki Pref
Japanese prefecture (abbreviated Pref) is equivalent to the
U.S. state or the Canadian province.
addresses frequently contain one or more field-delimiting
commas on the same line. For this reason, Bionanome's text
files use the semicolon (;) as the field delimiter in each
Japanese cities usually are not laid out in a rectilinear
grid, so the addressing system differs from those familiar
to Westerners. This is complicated by the facts that only
main streets have names and buildings are numbered chronologically
rather than sequentially.